The assessment of hazard from optical radiation is in force since 26 April 2010, with the publication of Chapter V of Title VIII of the Decree. 81/2008 which transposes the European Directive 2006/25/EC on minimum safety and health requirements regarding the exposure of workers to risks arising from physical agents (artificial optical radiations).
Artificial Optical Radiations (ROA) are radiations with a wavelength between 100 nm and 1 mm, the spectrum between the ultraviolet radiation (UVA, UVB and UVC) and the infrared radiation (IR), including the field of visible optical radiation.
The main risks for human health arising from excessive exposure to optical radiation (both artificial and natural) are to two target organs, the eye in all its parts (cornea, lens and retina) and the skin, causing burns or photosensitivity.
The risk from optical radiation is quite diffused, as various sources of artificial optical radiations may be present in the workplace, especially in certain production sectors.
MEASUREMENT OF ARTIFICIAL OPTICAL RADIATIONS
The assessment of risk from optical radiation, measured, if necessary, with a spectroradiometer or a broadband radiometer, will verify compliance with the exposure limit values in Allegato XXXVII, for both incoherent optical radiations and coherent optical radiations (laser).
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